Pronunciation Guide

Spring 2020

Download a PDF (this aligns better than the table below!)

Chorales from J S Bach’s cantata
“Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben”
(“Heart and Mouth and Deed and Life”)

page German Pronunciation of selected words
(rough equivalent)
(English translation)
General   J = Y
V = f
W = v
ß -=-ss-
z = ts
S = z
ei = i
ie = ee
28 Wohl mir, daß ich Jesum habe, o wie feste halt’ ich ihn, daß er mir mein Herze labe, wenn ich krank und traurig bin. Jesum hab’ ich, der mich liebet und sich mir zu eigen giebet, ach drum laß’ ich Jesum nicht, wenn mir gleich mein Herze bricht. Vohl meer, dass ikh Ye-zum ha-buh o vee fes-te halt ich een (short ’ee‘) Hair-tse ven unt lee-bet Well for me that I have Jesus, O how tightly I hold him that he might refresh my heart, when I’m sick and sad. Jesus I have, who loves me and gives himself to me, ah, therefore I will not leave Jesus, Even if I feel my heart is breaking.
p 48 Jesus bleibet meine Freude, meines Herzens Trost und Saft, Jesus wehret allem Leide, er ist meines Lebens Kraft, meiner Augen Lust und Sonne, meiner Seele Schatz und Wonne; darum laß’ ich Jesum nicht aus dem Herzen und Gesicht. mine-eh mine-ez Loost (short ’oo‘) Zon-ne Zay-luh Schats unt von-ne   hair-tsen geh-zicht Jesus remains my joy, my heart’s comfort and essence, Jesus fends off all suffering, He is my life’s strength, my eye’s desire and sun, my soul’s treasure and pleasure; Therefore I will not leave Jesus out of heart and face.

Eternal Light: A Requiem – Howard Goodall

page Latin
(and a little Greek)
Pronunciation of selected words
(rough equivalent)
(English translation)
General   ti = tsi (tertia = tair-tsi-a
æ/œ = air
gn – ny (ignis = in-yis) j = y
ci = chi
1 Requiem – Kyrie Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine: et lux perpetua.   Kyrie eleison. Christe eleison. Kyrie eleison.   Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine   air-tair-nam
pair-pe-too-ah
Grant them an everlasting peace, Lord, and perpetual light. Lord have mercy. Christ have mercy. Lord have mercy. Grant them everlasting rest, Lord.
2 Revelation – Factum est silentium Factum est silentium in cœlo Et vidi septem illos angelos qui adstant in conspectu Dei, quibus datæ sunt septem tubæ. Et septum angeli, qui habebant septem tubas, præparaverunt se ut clangerent. Primus igitur angelus clanxit, et facta est grando et ignis, mista sanguine, projectaque sunt in terram: et tertia pars arborum exusta est, et omne gramen viride exustum. Deinde secundus angelus clanxit, et quasi mons magnus igne ardens projectus est in mare: factaque est tertia pars maris sanguis. Et mortua est tertia pars creaturarum quæ erant in mari, animantia dico, et tertia pars navium periit. Tum angelus tertius clanxit, et cecidit e cœlo stella magna, ardens velut lampas, ceciditque in tertiam partem fluminum, et in fontes aquarum. Nomen autem stellæ dicitur Absinthium: versa est igitur tertia pars aquarum in absinthium, et multi homines mortui sunt ex aquis, quod amaræ factæ essent. Deinde quartus angelus clanxit, et percussa est tertia pars solis, et tertia pars lunæ, et tertia pars stellarum: ita ut obscuraretur tertia pars eorum, et diei non luceret pars tertia, et noctis similiter. Et vidi, et audivi unum angelum volantem per medium cœli, dicentem voce magna, Væ, væ, væ incolis terræ a reliquis sonis tubæ trium illorum angelorum qui clangent! si-len-tsi-um
too-beh
an-jel-li too-bas
prai-pa-ra-ve-roont clan-jeh-rent
i-ji-tur an-j-loos clahnk-sit grahn-do
pro-yek-ta-kweh
grah-men ek-soos-toom
kwa-see
in-yeh pro-yek-toos
kweh
peh-ree-it
che-chi-dit chair-loh
mahn-ya cair-dit-kweh
stel-leh di-chee-toor
ab-sin-thee-oom i-ji-toor
a-ma-reh
kwar-toos per-koo-sa
loo-neh
stel-la-room ob-scoo-ra-reh-toor
dee-eh-ee loo-cheh-ret
an-je-loom
meh-dee-oom cheh-lee veh
re-lee-kwis too-beh
an-je-lo-room kwee
There was silence in heaven
And I saw angels standing before God, and to them were given seven trumpets
And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to blow The first angel blew, and there was made hail and fire, which were mingled with blood, and they were cast in to the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt, and all green grass was burnt. And the second angel blew: and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast in to the sea, and the third part of the sea turned to blood, and the third part of the creatures which had life, died, and the third part of ships were destroyed. And the third angel blew, and there fell a great star from heaven burning as it were a lamp, and it fell into the third part of the rivers, and into fountains of waters, and the name of the star is called Wormwood. And the third part was turned to wormwood. And many men died of the waters because they were made bitter. And the fourth angel blew,  and the third part of the sun was smitten and the third part of the moon, and the third part of stars: so that the third part of them was darkened. And the day was smitten that the third part of it should not shine, and likewise the night. And I beheld and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice: Woe, woe, woe to the inhabitants of the earth because of the voices to come of the trumpet of the three angels which were yet to blow.
5 Lacrymosa – Do not stand at my grave and weep Lacrymosa, dies illa Lah-cree-moh-sah That day will be one of weeping
6 Dies Irae – In Flanders Fields Dies irae, dies illa. Calamitatis et miseriae, dies magna et amara valde. Dee-es ee-reh il-lah
mee-seh-ree-eh man-yah
That day, the day of wrath, calamity and wretchedness, that great and bitter day
7 Recordare – Drop, drop, slow tears Recordare Jesu pie, Quod sum causa tuae viae,   Ne me perdas illa die. Recordare Jesu pie. yeh-soo pee-eh Kwod soom know-sah too-eh vee-eh neh meh pair-das Remember, dear Jesus, that I am the reason for your journey. Do not abandon me on that final day.
8 Revelation – Tum angelus tertius clanxit [See last three stanzas of # 4 above]  
9 Agnus Dei Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, miserere nobis Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, dona eis requiem An-yus Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us. Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world, grant them rest.
10 In Paradisum – Lux Aeterna In paradisum deducant te angeli, in tuo adventu suscipiant te martyres, et perducant te in civitatem sanctam Jerusalem. Chorus angelorum te suscipiat, et cum Lazaro quondam paupere aeternam habeas requiem. Lux aeterna luceat eis, Domine, Cum sanctis tuis in aeternum, quia pius es. Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine, et lux perpetua luceat eis. Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna, in die illa tremenda, quando coeli movendi sunt et terra. [Recordare Jesu pie … as at 7 above] [Requiem aeternam dona eis … as at 1 above] an-je-lee too-oh ad-ven-too
soo-she-pee-ant   koo-roos an-jeh-lo-room sue-schee-pee-at
La-tsah-ro kwon-dam pow-peh-re looks e-tair-nah lu-chair-aht  

mohr-tear air-tair-nah
kwan-doh chair-lee
Into paradise may angels lead you, on your arrival may the martyrs greet you. And bring you to the holy city of Jerusalem. May choirs of angels receive you, and with Lazarus, once a poor man, may you have eternal rest. May everlasting light shine upon them, Lord, together with the saints throughout eternity, for you are merciful. Grant them everlasting peace and an eternal light Deliver me, Lord, from an endless death on that dread day, When the heavens and the earth will quake.